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Vol 33 No 1


April 2005


Control of Eccentric Building Vibration with Base Isolation
Helen Wu, Bob Fitzell & Bijan Samali
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An Inexpensive DIY Impact hammer for Vibration Analysis of Buildings
Carl Howard
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Some Current Issues in Computer Modelling for Room Acoustic Design
Young-Ji Choi & Densil Cabrera
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Measurement of the Effect on Violins of Ageing and Playing
Ra Inta, John Smith & Joe Wolfe
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A Code of Ethics for the Australian Acoustical Society
Fergus Fricke
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Control of eccentric building vibration with base isolation

Helen Wu, Bob Fitzell1, Bijan Samali2
1Acoustic Group, Ryder Consulting Pty Ltd.
116 Miller St. North Sydney. NSW 2060. Australia
2Faculty of Engineering,
University of Technology,
Sydney, NSW 2007. Australia

Vol. 33, No. 1 pp 7 - 12 (2005)
ABSTRACT: Base isolation is found effective in reducing torsional response of structures with mass eccentricity when subjected to earthquakes. In this study, dynamic characteristics of an eccentric five-storey benchmark model, isolated with laminated rubber bearings (LRB) and lead core rubber bearings (LCRB), were examined using a shaker table and four different ground motions. The earthquake-resistant performance of LRB and LCRB isolators was evaluated. It was observed that both transverse and torsional responses were significantly reduced with the addition of an LRB or LCRB isolated system regardless of ground motion input. However, the LRB was identified to be more effective than LCRI3 in reducing relative torsional angle, model relative displacements, accelerations and angular accelerations, and therefore, provided a better protection of the superstructure and its contents.

An inexpensive DIY impact hammer for vibration analysis of buildings

Dr. Carl Howard
School of Mechanical Engineering
The University of Adelaide
S.A. 5005
This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Vol. 33, No. 1 pp 13 - 18 (2005)
ABSTRACT: The characterisation of vibration in buildings often involves exciting the building structure with a force and measuring the vibration response. The two common non-destructive force excitation methods are the use of an instrumented impact hammer or an electromagnetic vibration shaker. This paper contains a discussion on how to build a low cost instrumented hammer, and compares the performance of the hammer with a commercially available impact hammer and a commercially available electromagnetic shaker for vibrating buildings. The merits and disadvantages of each of these three instruments are discussed and it is the opinion of the author that for the vibration analyses often conducted in semiconductor manufacturing facilities, laboratories, and offices, the use of an instrumented impact hammer can provide higher quality measurements at a lower cost than the use of an electromagnetic shaker.

Some current issues in computer modelling for room acoustic design

Young-Ji Choi and Densil Cabrera
School of Architecture, Design Science and Planning,
Wilkinson Building G04, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia.
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Vol. 33, No. 1 pp 19 - 24 (2005)
ABSTRACT: This paper deals with several aspects of the application of computer modelling in room acoustic design in order to promote understanding of this design tool. The first section of the paper describes the results of the three international round robin tests of the validity and limitations of current computer modelling techniques. The second and last sections are concerned with the validity of computer modelling and auralization for the prediction of the acoustic quality of two concert halls in Australia. The importance of assigning suitable values of diffusion coefficients to obtain reliable prediction results, and the validation of computer generated auralizations compared with real recorded music in actual halls, are also investigated.

Measurement of the effect on violins of ageing and playing

Ra Inta, John Smith and Joe Wolfe
School of Physics,
University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052 NSW
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Vol. 33, No. 1 pp 25 - 29 (2005)
ABSTRACT: This is a report on the first three years of a long-term experiment designed to measure how two very similar violins change with time. After being constructed in parallel, one is stored under controlled conditions in a museum and is played infrequently, while the other is played regularly by a professional musician. Vibro-acoustic measurements were performed on the instruments and parts thereof during and after construction. Playing and listening tests by a panel of experienced violinists were conducted at completion, after three years with no adjustment, and then after minor adjustments were made to the played violin only. Panels of players and listeners rated the two violins at all stages, and all results are consistent with the null hypothesis: at present there is no significant preference for either instrument over a range of categories.